Spit Spreads Death: The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-19 in Philadelphia


A century ago, a worldwide health disaster hit home. The influenza pandemic of 1918–19, the global epidemic often called the “Spanish flu,” killed 50 to 100 million people worldwide.  

Here in Philadelphia, the Liberty Loan Parade, a patriotic wartime effort on September 28, 1918, helped to spread the disease. Soon, the city was in crisis. Hospitals overflowed and bodies piled up in morgues. Philadelphia had the highest death rate of any major American city during the pandemic. More than 12,000 people died in six weeks; over 20,000 died in six months. 

Many of those people died young。 Very few were wealthy or famous。 Their names are not in history books, but their families did not forget them。

Spit Spreads Death explores how neighborhoods in Philadelphia were impacted, how the disease spread, and what could happen in future pandemics. It is an exhibition and artist project that explores both this devastating historic event and the connections to contemporary health issues. It is an exploration that began before the exhibition opened with a commemorative parade and will continue throughout the life of the exhibition with a variety of community programming.

On September 28, 2019, facilitated by the internationally renowned artist group Blast Theory and local community health organizations, the Mütter Museum invited our audience, supporters, and the Philadelphia community at large to participate in a parade to memorialize the Philadelphia victims of the influenza pandemic and to honor the tremendous work being done every day by community health groups. Experience the parade in Blast Theory's artistic film, featured in the exhibition.

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Major support for Spit Spreads Death has been provided by and the , with additional support from the Groff Family Memorial Trust and the , a state agency funded by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.

The Mütter Museum helps the public appreciate the mysteries and beauty of the human body while understanding the history of diagnosis and treatment of disease。

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